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The Ten Steps of Design

But before you start writing, you need to get organized. You need to put all those wonderful ideas down on paper in a form you can use. Why? Because your memory is fallible, and your creativity has probably left a lot of holes in your story — holes you need to fill in before you start writing your novel. You need a design document. And you need to produce it using a process that doesn’t kill your desire to actually write the story. Here is my ten-step process for writing a design document. I use this process for writing my novels, and I hope it will help you.

Step 1) Take an hour and write a one-sentence summary of your novel. Something like this: “A rogue physicist travels back in time to kill the apostle Paul.” (This is the summary for my first novel, Transgression.) The sentence will serve you forever as a ten-second selling tool. This is the big picture, the analog of that big starting triangle in the snowflake picture.

When you later write your book proposal, this sentence should appear very early in the proposal. It’s the hook that will sell your book to your editor, to your committee, to the sales force, to bookstore owners, and ultimately to readers. So make the best one you can!

Some hints on what makes a good sentence: Shorter is better. Try for fewer than 15 words. No character names, please! Better to say “a handicapped trapeze artist” than “Jane Doe”. Tie together the big picture and the personal picture. Which character has the most to lose in this story? Now tell me what he or she wants to win. Read the one-line blurbs on the New York Times Bestseller list to learn how to do this. Writing a one-sentence description is an art form.

Step 2) Take another hour and expand that sentence to a full paragraph describing the story setup, major disasters, and ending of the novel. This is the analog of the second stage of the snowflake. I like to structure a story as “three disasters plus an ending”. Each of the disasters takes a quarter of the book to develop and the ending takes the final quarter. I don’t know if this is the ideal structure, it’s just my personal taste.

If you believe in the Three-Act structure, then the first disaster corresponds to the end of Act 1. The second disaster is the mid-point of Act 2. The third disaster is the end of Act 2, and forces Act 3 which wraps things up. It is OK to have the first disaster be caused by external circumstances, but I think that the second and third disasters should be caused by the protagonist’s attempts to “fix things”. Things just get worse and worse.

You can also use this paragraph in your proposal. Ideally, your paragraph will have about five sentences. One sentence to give me the backdrop and story setup. Then one sentence each for your three disasters. Then one more sentence to tell the ending. Don’t confuse this paragraph with the back-cover copy for your book. This paragraph summarizes the whole story. Your back-cover copy should summarize only about the first quarter of the story.

Step 3) The above gives you a high-level view of your novel. Now you need something similar for the storylines of each of your characters. Characters are the most important part of any novel, and the time you invest in designing them up front will pay off ten-fold when you start writing. For each of your major characters, take an hour and write a one-page summary sheet that tells:

The character’s name A one-sentence summary of the character’s storyline The character’s motivation (what does he/she want abstractly?) The character’s goal (what does he/she want concretely?) The character’s conflict (what prevents him/her from reaching this goal?) The character’s epiphany (what will he/she learn, how will he/she change?

A one-paragraph summary of the character’s storyline An important point: You may find that you need to go back and revise your one-sentence summary and/or your one-paragraph summary. Go ahead! This is good–it means your characters are teaching you things about your story. It’s always okay at any stage of the design process to go back and revise earlier stages. In fact, it’s not just okay–it’s inevitable. And it’s good. Any revisions you make now are revisions you won’t need to make later on to a clunky 400 page manuscript.

Another important point: It doesn’t have to be perfect. The purpose of each step in the design process is to advance you to the next step. Keep your forward momentum! You can always come back later and fix it when you understand the story better. You will do this too, unless you’re a lot smarter than I am.

Step 4) By this stage, you should have a good idea of the large-scale structure of your novel, and you have only spent a day or two. Well, truthfully, you may have spent as much as a week, but it doesn’t matter. If the story is broken, you know it now, rather than after investing 500 hours in a rambling first draft. So now just keep growing the story. Take several hours and expand each sentence of your summary paragraph into a full paragraph. All but the last paragraph should end in a disaster. The final paragraph should tell how the book ends.

This is a lot of fun, and at the end of the exercise, you have a pretty decent one-page skeleton of your novel. It’s okay if you can’t get it all onto one single-spaced page. What matters is that you are growing the ideas that will go into your story. You are expanding the conflict. You should now have a synopsis suitable for a proposal, although there is a better alternative for proposals . . .

Step 5) Take a day or two and write up a one-page description of each major character and a half-page description of the other important characters. These “character synopses” should tell the story from the point of view of each character. As always, feel free to cycle back to the earlier steps and make revisions as you learn cool stuff about your characters. I usually enjoy this step the most and lately, I have been putting the resulting “character synopses” into my proposals instead of a plot-based synopsis. Editors love character synopses, because editors love character-based fiction.

Step 6) By now, you have a solid story and several story-threads, one for each character. Now take a week and expand the one-page plot synopsis of the novel to a four-page synopsis. Basically, you will again be expanding each paragraph from step (4) into a full page. This is a lot of fun, because you are figuring out the high-level logic of the story and making strategic decisions. Here, you will definitely want to cycle back and fix things in the earlier steps as you gain insight into the story and new ideas whack you in the face.

Step 7) Take another week and expand your character descriptions into full-fledged character charts detailing everything there is to know about each character. The standard stuff such as birthdate, description, history, motivation, goal, etc. Most importantly, how will this character change by the end of the novel? This is an expansion of your work in step (3), and it will teach you a lot about your characters. You will probably go back and revise steps (1-6) as your characters become “real” to you and begin making petulant demands on the story. This is good — great fiction is character-driven. Take as much time as you need to do this, because you’re just saving time downstream. When you have finished this process, (and it may take a full month of solid effort to get here), you have most of what you need to write a proposal. If you are a published novelist, then you can write a proposal now and sell your novel before you write it. If you’re not yet published, then you’ll need to write your entire novel first before you can sell it. No, that’s not fair, but life isn’t fair and the world of fiction writing is especially unfair.

Step 8) You may or may not take a hiatus here, waiting for the book to sell. At some point, you’ve got to actually write the novel. Before you do that, there are a couple of things you can do to make that traumatic first draft easier. The first thing to do is to take that four-page synopsis and make a list of all the scenes that you’ll need to turn the story into a novel. And the easiest way to make that list is . . . with a spreadsheet.

For some reason, this is scary to a lot of writers. Oh the horror. Deal with it. You learned to use a word-processor. Spreadsheets are easier. You need to make a list of scenes, and spreadsheets were invented for making lists. If you need some tutoring, buy a book. There are a thousand out there, and one of them will work for you. It should take you less than a day to learn the itty bit you need. It’ll be the most valuable day you ever spent. Do it.

Make a spreadsheet detailing the scenes that emerge from your four-page plot outline. Make just one line for each scene. In one column, list the POV character. In another (wide) column, tell what happens. If you want to get fancy, add more columns that tell you how many pages you expect to write for the scene. A spreadsheet is ideal, because you can see the whole storyline at a glance, and it’s easy to move scenes around to reorder things.

My spreadsheets usually wind up being over 100 lines long, one line for each scene of the novel. As I develop the story, I make new versions of my story spreadsheet. This is incredibly valuable for analyzing a story. It can take a week to make a good spreadsheet. When you are done, you can add a new column for chapter numbers and assign a chapter to each scene.

Step 9) (Optional. I don’t do this step anymore.) Switch back to your word processor and begin writing a narrative description of the story. Take each line of the spreadsheet and expand it to a multi-paragraph description of the scene. Put in any cool lines of dialogue you think of, and sketch out the essential conflict of that scene. If there’s no conflict, you’ll know it here and you should either add conflict or scrub the scene.

I used to write either one or two pages per chapter, and I started each chapter on a new page. Then I just printed it all out and put it in a loose-leaf notebook, so I could easily swap chapters around later or revise chapters without messing up the others. This process usually took me a week and the end result was a massive 50-page printed document that I would revise in red ink as I wrote the first draft. All my good ideas when I woke up in the morning got hand-written in the margins of this document. This, by the way, is a rather painless way of writing that dreaded detailed synopsis that all writers seem to hate. But it’s actually fun to develop, if you have done steps (1) through (8) first. When I did this step, I never showed this synopsis to anyone, least of all to an editor — it was for me alone. I liked to think of it as the prototype first draft. Imagine writing a first draft in a week! Yes, you can do it and it’s well worth the time. But I’ll be honest, I don’t feel like I need this step anymore, so I don’t do it now.

Step 10) At this point, just sit down and start pounding out the real first draft of the novel. You will be astounded at how fast the story flies out of your fingers at this stage. I have seen writers triple their fiction writing speed overnight, while producing better quality first drafts than they usually produce on a third draft.

You might think that all the creativity is chewed out of the story by this time. Well, no, not unless you overdid your analysis when you wrote your Snowflake. This is supposed to be the fun part, because there are many small-scale logic problems to work out here. How does Hero get out of that tree surrounded by alligators and rescue Heroine who’s in the burning rowboat? This is the time to figure it out! But it’s fun because you already know that the large-scale structure of the novel works. So you only have to solve a limited set of problems, and so you can write relatively fast.

This stage is incredibly fun and exciting. I have heard many fiction writers complain about how hard the first draft is. Invariably, that’s because they have no clue what’s coming next. Good grief! Life is too short to write like that! There is no reason to spend 500 hours writing a wandering first draft of your novel when you can write a solid one in 150. Counting the 100 hours it takes to do the design documents, you come out way ahead in time.

About midway through a first draft, I usually take a breather and fix all the broken parts of my design documents. Yes, the design documents are not perfect. That’s okay. The design documents are not fixed in concrete, they are a living set of documents that grows as you develop your novel. If you are doing your job right, at the end of the first draft you will laugh at what an amateurish piece of junk your original design documents were. And you’ll be thrilled at how deep your story has become.

Taking Care Of Pet Nutrient Requirements

Pet nutrition is a very essential part of pet care. Good and healthy food improve their physical and mental health a lot. Having a pet is very beneficial in reducing depression and anxiety as you feel happy by seeing them around you. You dont feel alone and boring by having them near you. The best pet is the blessing of having a pet which also complement your personality. Chose those pet which really matches your personality and lifestyle but its difficult to find. If you find and explore the desirable pet then it will be a great rewarding experience for you. Many people told the stories about their pets, they share their emotions and feelings passionately as they are like a family member to them. So, people who love their pets, always take care of their pet nutrition.

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When we talk about pet nutrition, then one thing we should keep in our mind that we should have all the details of our pet regarding his body daily nutrient requirements. If you live in a small house or apartment, then go for that kind of pet which can easily adjust in that kind of environment. One thing is more important before adopting the pet is the commitment to yourselves because a long period of time you are going to spend with your pet rather than a few days.

Before buying the products for your pet, some question you must have to consider. What is best food for my pet? How can I pick the good and healthy food? Do the ingredients provide the best quality? What are the best online website for selling pet food online? Is raw diet beneficial for pets?

These are the basic questions that you should keep in mind before purchasing the pet food. Formulators uses the combination of ingredients, each provide set of nutrients for your pet food which is very essentials for health. A lot of myth which we listen from surrounding about dog and cats health. Salt is injurious for pet health and causes a lot of diseases to them. Dont add the ash in cat diet that cause the urine blockage in male cat. Vitamin C is very good for health which prevent them from urinary tract infection and give them clean water to drink, especially for cats as it is very essential for them. Dont follow these myths before clarifying from the veterinary doctors and after every two to three month take your pet for full medical check-up as u did for yourself. They need food, water and medicine if they are ill. So care about the nutrition of your pets as the health of your pet animals largely depend on nutrients you are giving to them.

Types Of Ballroom Dance Lessons For Couples


Ballroom dance lessons are exquisite especially if you are undertaking them with your partner. These sessions do not only assist you in developing new dancing skills but also allow you to spend quality time with your loved ones. There is a broad range of dancing styles you can choose from on the sensational music blog. However, you may opt for two or more dancing classes as long as they are appealing to you and your partner. Here are some examples of ballroom dance classes you can decide to attend.

The Tango Ballroom Dance

Most of the Tango dances require partners to remain in a closed position and thus a great option if you are looking for a more intimate experience in your relationship. The Tango style portrays the image of a lady having a red rose beneath her teeth. Your instructor can include this technique into one of your dancing sessions if you wish to try out. The music follows close to 32 beats per minute at about 2/4 time. It will take you some time before you learn the right posture for this dance. In addition, it is challenging to alternate underarm turns and hand holds.

The Rumba Ballroom Dance

The Rumba dance assumes a box-like pattern that features slow-quick-quick music moves at twenty-four beats per minute at 4/4 time. The Rumba style is the best choice for seniors and beginners as it is more consistent throughout the session. Some of the typical steps in this dancing style include the rumba box, the eight-count underarm turn, and the Cuban walk.

Quickstep Ballroom Dance

This type of ballroom dance requires the dancers to move their feet at a very fast pace. This style suits individuals who are searching for classes that play upbeat music with an elegant atmosphere. Quickstep Ballroom music measures approximately fifty beats per minute at a time of 4/4.

The Samba Ballroom Dance

This dancing style moves at a slightly slower pace than the quick step one. It has an average of 44 beats per minute at 4/4 time. These ballroom classes are perfect for very energetic couples who enjoy music that have a party vibe. Your instructor should assist you to move your hips among other steps that allow you to straighten and bend your knees. Most of these moves have a Brazilian cultural origin.

The Jive Ballroom Dance

Jive is the best dance style for individuals who like bopping around. Jive is the only ballroom dance that makes you leave the dance room happier. The swing music plays at forty-two beats per minute at 4/4 time. Knee lifts and kicks are very popular in this type of dance, and other moves like two triple steps and the rock step. Couples don't often use the entire dance floor because you have to make several steps in a rapid succession at a single spot. In addition, ladies are always twirled around in this type of dancing.


There are several Ballroom dance classes, and you cannot go wrong by selecting any. The advantage you have is that each of them comes with a unique feature. However, all of them encourage a healthy style of living.

Give Your Kids A Fun Childhood With Garden Climbing Frames

It is great fun to play with a garden climbing frame. Children can sometimes play for long hours. They have so much fun that they do not even realize that they are also getting stronger. They are building strong muscles. They are becoming more agile. It is plain fun and play to them. But it also makes for good exercise.

A wooden climbing frame is one of the best toys around. Made of strong and durable wood, it is made to last a long time. It is sturdy - tough enough to carry the weight of small kids. It can take on years of having kids climb and play on it.

You can choose from several models of climbing frames. You can find one that is suitable for a small backyard. You can also find one that is a perfect fit for a large sprawling lawn. You can attach them to a play set so you have an all-around gym for your kids. You can add a play feature one at a time. As your family grows, so does your play center, until it becomes a truly extensive play hub for your kids.

A climbing frame is usually made of wood - not just any wood, but strong and high quality Scandinavian pine or redwood. It is kiln-dried. It goes through several processes: It is treated so that the wood does not rot, and it goes through a certain process to take out all its rough edges so that the wood becomes beautifully smooth and even. The nuts and bolts go through rust-proofing.

Designed for outdoor use, a wooden frame usually comes in a natural green shade with ultra-violet (UV) protection. The plastic feet on the legs have openings which serve as drains, in case of rain. Everything is done according to strict FSC standards.

You can get a climbing frame with swings, or even small baby swings. You can add slides, swings, ladders, and wooden outposts. You can add climbing hoops and rigging. Some frames come with towers and podiums. Others have ride attachment connections for multi-swing equipment or seesaws, if you want to have these features. Some come with roofs which you can remove if you want to add new levels. You can start with a basic frame and put in supplemental features through the years, creating a jungle gym as your children grow bigger.

There are many models available. It does not matter whether you have a tiny garden or a large lawn. You can find a climbing frame that is suitable for your needs. The best place in Northern Ireland to get your choice frame is Morrow Climbing Frames Belfast. They have a full catalogue of ready made frames, and can create a custom frame for you also.

A climbing frame gives children a sense of adventure and fun. It is a wonderful toy for your toddler to play in with supervision. It is a great hub for older kids to gather about and spend many long hours of pleasant and active play. Made of durable and strong material, it can be a play center that is likely to last through your kids childhood. You can watch your child grow from a fumbling toddler into a proficient climber while having the time of his life.

Learning To Hang Ten In Newquays 5 Best Surfing Schools

There is something spectacular in the art of surfing. The ability to balance the board and manoeuvre your way against the wall of water that is steadily curling its crest ready to crash on you and slamming you against the shores takes not only skill and agility but also guts and sheer determination. While surfing is almost always associated with those in Hawaii, the UK also has its own surfing capital Newquay in Cornwall.

In fact, Newquay is undoubtedly Britons surfing paradise thanks to the number of beaches that offer waves to varying conditions and standards of surfers. Fistral Beach is the most famous beach where many of the countrys surfing competitions take place. Many holidaymakers learning to surf will stay at the Headland or Esplanade hotels overlooking the beach. But there are also many fine self-catering holiday apartments in the area, including Rocklands Newquay at Tolcarne Beach.

For more than four decades, Newquay has been a springboard for aspiring surfers and as a natural getaway paradise for seasoned pros. If you want to learn how to hang ten or simply how to ride the waves on your surfboard, while on holiday or vacation in Newquay, then there are plenty of surf schools to choose from.

Here are 5 surfing schools in Newquay if you want to try riding your way into the breaking waves of the Atlantic.

Blue Wings Surf School - Best described as the surfing family for all families, Blue wings Surf School provides excellent surfing instruction for everyone across the lifespan. As long as you are able to stand up and maintain balance, then you can learn to ride the waves. Their surfing coaches are all certified by the British Surfing Association. Kids will surely love the fun and thrill of riding a mini wave.

Escape Surf School - One of the longest-running surfing schools in the UK, Escape Surf School prides itself of having the services of a 35-year professional surfer as its surfing head coach. Surf lessons start with a complete beginners course progressing into intermediate and advanced surfing courses. Their coaches are members of the International Surfing Association which should make learning how to hang ten very exciting as you will be learning from the pros.

Fistral Beach Surf School Located on the most famous beach in Newquay, Fistral Beach Surf School provide outstanding surfing lessons for all ages. This is perfect for families who would like to have a great time in the beach while at the same time learn some of the foundations of good surfing.

Quicksilver Surf School Literally just a few meters from Newquays most famous beach, Fistral, Quicksilver Surf School provides superb surfing lessons for all everyone, be it young or old, beginner or intermediate. Quicksilver prides itself of having the best overall surfing package as accommodation can already be included. Their surf and stay package is made complete with an accommodation at The Esplanade Hotel and Fistral Beach Hotel where you can pamper yourself in their spa treatments as well as other amenities. Quicksilver also provides Roxy surf days which is especially geared for female surfers.

Salt Air Adventures For a very varied experience, Salt Air Adventures mixes surfing with coasteering and climbing to give you a truly unique experience of the Cornwall coast. Imagine board-paddling your way through sea caves, climbing steep rocky cliffs before jumping into the water, then doing a cut back on the wave. Now that will be an experience of a lifetime.

If you visit Newquay, make sure to check out these surfing schools. You wont regret it.

Camping Advice And Info

Backpacking tents traditionally used space-efficient designs that had steeply sloped walls, narrow foot spaces and low headroom. This helped keep the weight lower, but the tradeoff was comfort.

Newer tent designs aim to open up interiors without adding unwanted weight. Other key features that affect livability include number and location of doors, protected exterior spaces and ventilation.

Interior volume: To assess tent volume, visit a store, ask to set up a tent and hop inside. If shopping online, study the pitch of its walls. If the walls angle steeply toward the tent's ceiling, you're probably looking at a weight-efficient tent (great!) that offers only modest interior volume (the tradeoff). The following can also help you size up a tents interior space and overall livability:

Floor dimensions (floor plan): Length and width measurements offer a rough idea of floor size. Many tents dont have perfectly rectangular floors, so you might see dimensions like 85 x 51/43 (L x W head/foot). A tapered floor provides needed room for shoulders and arms, while also saving weight by having a narrower foot.

Floor area: This number indicates total square footage of floor-level space. While helpful for comparison between tents, this number alone wont tell you how efficiently the space is laid out.

side view of tent Peak height: Generally, a greater peak height indicates a roomier interior. Peak height, though, is measured at a single spot inside a tent, so it still cant tell you how livable a tent is.

side view of tent Wall shape: This is an even bigger factor in head and shoulder roomand overall tent livabilitythan peak height. The more vertical the walls, the more "livable" space can be found inside a tent.

Tent Rainfly Rainfly color: Light, bright fly colors transmit more light inside, making the interior brighter. That will make a tent feel more spacious and make it a more pleasant place to be if a storm keeps you tentbound for an extended time.

Doors: Tent designers focus on door shape, zippers and other adjustments, but the most important question is: How many? Its nice when every sleeper has a door. Choosing a multiperson tent with a single door, though, cuts weight and cost.

Vestibules. These rainfly extensions offer sheltered storage for boots and other gear. An oversized floor area would offer the same advantage, but it would also create a heavier tent. Most tents have vestibules and their size is included in the specs. Bigger is better, but cavernous vestibules can add weight and cost.

,/p> Tent Rainfly Ventilation: You exhale moisture as you sleep, so your tent needs features that prevent condensation buildup. Thus you want mesh windows or panels, along with zip panels to close over them when too much cold air creeps in. Some tents have rainfly vents that can be opened or closed. Rainfly adjustability is essential, both for ventilation and for gazing at stars or witnessing the sunrise.

Tent Setup: Before heading out to the wilderness, set up your tent at home the first time. A freestanding tent means the tent can stand without the use of stakes, which speeds setup and makes a tent easy to repositionjust lift and move it to a new spot. Most tents are freestanding for this reason, though non-freestanding tents can be lighter because the pole structure doesnt have to be as robust.

Additional tent setup features:

Tent Pole Hub Pole hubs: The beauty of hubs is that they take the guesswork out of assembly. You take the folded pole sections out of the bag and unfurl the skeleton, seating segments as you go. Smaller cross poles might be separate from the hub, but those are easily identified after the main pole assembly is complete. The other major benefit of hubs is that they increase a tents strength and stability. Tent Clips Pole clips: Poles connect to tent canopies via clips, sleeves or a combination of the two. Pole sleeves fabric tension provides a stronger pitch, but threading poles through them can be a challenge. Pole clips are lighter and easier to attach. They also allow more airflow underneath the rainfly, which reduces condensation. Color Coded corners Color coding: This helps you quickly orient each pole tip to the correct tent corner and helps you find which sleeves or clips go with which pole sections.

Backpacking tents use high-strength, low-weight aluminum poles. Over the years aluminum poles have maintained strength while engineers have reduced weight by incrementally shrinking diameter and wall thickness. You often see DAC (Dongah Aluminum Corp.) in specs because this company is the worlds pre-eminent pole maker. You might also see a 6,000-series or a slightly stronger 7,000-series aluminum listed.

Tent fabrics and denier: A wide range of specialized nylons and polyesters are used in tents and, like poles, the technology evolves rapidly. One spec you might see, regardless of fabric, is denier (D), the fabric yarns weight (in grams) based on a 9,000-meter length of the yarn. Higher numbers indicate more rugged fabrics, while lower deniers are found in more lightweightand less durablefabrics. Dont compare denier unless fabrics are identical, though, because you wont be accounting for inherent differences in fabric properties.

Tip: If you feel compelled to delve into specs, focus on the poles. The strongest tents will likely have top-grade poles in a hubbed pole set. Or simply look at the seasonal rating, because thats influenced by the strength of the poles and fabrics in a tent. Material weights, of both the poles and the fabrics, will be reflected by the minimum weight for the overall tent.

A personalized tent camping checklist is a handy tool for novice campers to get an idea of what basic equipment is necessary to enjoy tent camping.

,/p> It is also useful for seasoned campers to ensure that important camping gear does not get left behind. This list is both an organizing and a brainstorming tool. Campers will want to customize it to their own situation and personal preferences. Feel free to create your own, selecting items from the list below and adding new ones.

Essential and optional gear are listed in separate columns, so novice campers don't forget anything important and can also identify items to add to their camping kit over time.

,/p> Some of the optional gear is highly recommended, depending on season, weather and comfort. A camping food checklist greatly help campers organize meals. Clothing, hiking & related equipment Comfortable & seasonal outdoor clothing Long pants

Tennis shoes or hiking boots for walking Hooded sweatshirt Fleece jacket Raingear Umbrella Swimsuit Hat Bandanna Sunglasses Backpack Walking stick Binoculars Compass or GPS

,/p> Whistle Bear Spray Survival blanket Cooking and Eating Supplies Camping stove, LP gas, matches Fry pan or skillet, cover, spatula. Cooking pot or pan, cover, stirring spoon Coffee pot Can opener Aluminum foil Spray oil Paper towels Plates & glasses or cups Bowls Knives, forks, spoons Napkins (paper towels) Freshwater container Bucket Plastic garbage bags Twist ties Drinking water Firewood Firestarter Matches Pie irons Dutch oven Solar oven Gas grill Charcoal grill Charcoal Lighter fluid Roasting sticks or fork Roasting or grilling basket Pot lifter or spondonicle Camp kitchen Coffee mug Soup bowl(s) Kitchen knife Meat fork Serving bowl and plate Corkscrew Measuring cups and spoons Meat thermometer Pizza cutter

Cloth for picnic table Washing tub, dish soap, towel Resealable plastic bags Coffee maker Ice cream maker Hygiene and medical supplies Soap Towel Toilet paper

Shampoo Shaving kit Toothbrush and paste Shower footwear Antisceptic: Rubbing alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, iodine etc. Antibacterial soap or wipes Hand sanitizer Bandaids Gauze roll and tape (or duct tape) Elastic compression bandage roll (Ace bandage) Deodorant Pain medication Shower tent Solar shower Miscellaneous camping equipment Campground directions and map Camping chairs Flashlight Pocket knife Mosquito repellent Sunscreen Frisbee, ball, cards, games, etc. Fishing kit

,/p> Headlamp Camping lantern Glowsticks Radio Camera Batteries Clothes line Clothes pins (handy for securing items) Bungie cords Scissors Baking soda (handy for cleaning, toothpaste, etc.) Multi tool Hatchet Bow saw Hand shovel Plastic storage containers Folding table Outdoor electrical extension cord Air conditioner Fan

Inverter (12 volt to 120 volt) Reading material Sleeping gear and tent Sleeping bag Air mattress and inflator (or) Self-inflating sleeping pad Tent rainfly poles stakes guylines groundcloth hammer Plastic tarp Blankets Pillows Sweatpants Ski mask (for cool evenings) Camping cot Hand broom and dustpan Tent fan Bungee cord Parachute cord Carabiners Duct tape Pole repair kit Tent fabric repair kit Seam sealer Sheet plastic Screen house Door mat Carpet remnant for tent floor

Can You Make Your Own Fishing Bait?

Do you know that some anglers are making different fish baits at home? It is possible to make your own fishing baits at home as well. You can learn to make many different fish baits like chicken liver, cheese bait, and so on. Cheese bait is the favorite of many anglers, and the fish love the taste and smell of this bait. Cheese baits can easily attract the big fish that are in any lake or river you are going to fish in. Most anglers use a few ingredients like shredded cheese, pie pastry, garlic powder and chicken liver to make the bait that will catch some fish. Using the chicken liver blood is good as well. All these ingredients can be mixed at home. However, after they are mixed, it is advisable to move the concoction outdoors, because the smell will be unbearable. Making the fishing bait require mixing all of the ingredients together in a big bowl, then the mix is allowed to sit out for a while. After that, little balls are made out of the mix. Now, the little balls should be placed on a sheet of wax paper in a large baking pan. Once the dough in the bowl is used, the bowl should be washed thoroughly, in order to keep the ingredients from sticking to the bowl. The entire baking pan should be put in the freezer for about 2 hours to allow the cheese balls to become harden. Finally, a quantity size pickle jar that is good enough for the hand to go in and out easily should be used to house the balls, and the lid should be sealed tight. It is best to use a metal lid because the jar will be put outside and allowed to sit in the sun for about a week or longer. It should occasionally be checked though. This will ensure that it does not become molded or something. You should have your cheese bait ready if you followed how to prepare it as explained above. But remember that it will smell horrible and should not be opened in the house. When it has spent a few days in the sun, the bait is ready to be used. Simply grab your fishing poles and your stink bait and wrap the bait in. Get treble hooks to use for this purpose because the bait will stay on the treble hooks longer than any regularfishing bait hooks.

7 Occasions That Call For Flower Delivery

Flowers communicate all kinds of emotions. They can say, I miss you, Im sorry, my condolences, I love you and so much more. There are flowers for all occasions and for many people, the difficulty comes in selecting which flowers to send for what occasion. This is the value of speaking to your local floral consultant. Not only will he or she ensure that you send the very best flower delivery, but they will also be fresh flowers. florist boulder co

Say it With Flowers

Here are some of the most common events where people send a flower gift. If you are using a local flower shop, you will also find that you can have flowers sent the same day or the next day:

1. Birthdays if you need to wish a special person a happy birthday, you can say it with flowers. You can choose from the wide selection of flower arrangements that your local florist carries and add a balloon to enhance the gift.

2. Anniversaries An anniversary is definitely a special occasion. Going big on anniversary flowers is a great idea. Your sweetheart will love the floral arrangement that you send.

3. I love you - No flower communicates love like the rose. The most popular among them is the red rose. Send flowers to communicate your love.

4. Congratulations If you are looking to congratulate someone on an accomplishment, you should consider sending them a bouquet of flowers. If you forget to order flowers ahead of time, you need not worry. You can get same day flower delivery from your local florist.

5. Thank you A flower delivery should also be considered if you are looking to show appreciation to someone. You can add a balloon that says, many thanks to enhance your bouquet.

6. Arrival of a New Baby Celebrate the arrival of a new baby with the best gift baskets available. You can have flower delivery today or you may consider next day flowers; either way, be sure to welcome the new baby with a burst of floral color.

7. Funeral and sympathy flowers Funerals work best with basket arrangements. Mostly standing sprays or wreathes. For sympathy, flowers should be in a burst of color or all white flower bouquets.

There are those who feel that they do not know much about flowers and therefore tend to shy away from sending them. However, using a flower delivery service will take the anxiety of it off you. Your floral consultant will be happy to advise and show you the various arrangements possible so that you can make a selection.

It is important that the flowers be delivered fresh and the arrangement already done. This is one of the main benefits of using a local florist. If you go with a national florist, you may end up receiving your flowers in a box and have to arrange them yourself. That can be tricky especially if you know nothing about how to carry this out. Find a florist that is reliable, close by and does good work. It is important to ensure that you look at testimonials so that you can see what others who have used the service have to say about it.

Caravan Holiday: The Perfect Family Escapade

Its always a great idea to spend time and travel with the family, especially during vacation time. Not only is it a great way to reward the kids for their hard work at school, its also an effective means to keep them motivated for the succeeding term. Additionally, it is also a great way for parents to recharge after months of working hard at the office. However, traveling can be quite expensive, especially for big families. Fortunately, in countries like the United Kingdom, there is a popular vacation option which caters to families and small groups a caravan holiday.

A caravan is an accommodation unit which has all the amenities of home compressed into a simple space. There are three major types of caravans: the touring caravan, the motorhomes, and the static caravan. The touring caravan can be easily towed behind the car so it can be taken anywhere. On the other hand, a motorhome is a relatively large car with a living area at the back. Alternatively, a static unit is one which has a fixed spot on a caravan park. These static units are what is often referred to as a caravan holiday.

When traveling with young children, theses static caravans can be a top choice. This is so because most of these units come with a kitchen, a dining area, a bathroom and several bedrooms, thus providing guests with a home away from home. In fact, some holiday parks also offer indoor amenities such as wireless Internet access and satellite television to keep the kids entertained when theyre not outside exploring.

Being affordable is also another reason to choose a caravan holiday over any other accommodation. Although hotels can provide many luxuries like housekeeping and a concierge, they can also cost more money. Travelers can also save restaurant expenses, since these units are installed with full kitchens where they can prepare their own meals. Additionally, hotels are rented per room, making it the least likely option for those who intend to travel in big groups.

Going on a caravan holiday also strengthens family ties. In general, traveling to new places has proven to be one of the ways for family members to get to know each other. However, the limited space in these caravans allow them to get to know each persons quirks and habits. In turn, these help them learn and accept each others flaws and differences.

Staying at a caravan holiday can also encourage children to live active lifestyles. Aside from providing outdoor amenities like swimming pools and tennis courts, most holiday parks in the UK are situated near mountain trails and beaches. Not only does this setup provide them with enough exercise, it also allows them to appreciate the beauty of nature.

The United Kingdom is known for its breathtaking landscape and coastal scenery. Aside from offering guests with a choice of adventurous or relaxing activities, it also charms people with its colorful history. True enough, a trip to the UK with the family is not only fun, but an educational one as well.

7 Of The Best Cafés, Teahouses, And Coffee Shops In Fowey, Cornwall

Foweys rich cultural heritage means that its culinary tradition is nothing less than exemplary. However, if you are already tired of gastronomic adventures, maybe its time to tone it down a bit. Try out these 7 cafes, coffee shops, and tea houses in Fowey and you will understand Cornish hospitality to the fullest.

More than just a simple teahouse or a coffee shop, Foweys Brown Sugar serves full course meals from breakfast till dinner. However, one of their favourites include the lemon drizzle cake, ciabattas, scones, and generous servings of the famed Cornish clotted cream to top off their hot tea. For the absolute feast, getting a cup of hot tea served with Cornish pasty might not be the best combination but many visitors have attested to the harmony.

Rated 4 stars for its bed and breakfast services by the Visit Britain program, the Dwelling Houses coffee and tearooms are simply one of the best in the historic town of Fowey. Housed in a 16th century Georgian merchants building, the Dwelling House prides itself of providing only the best Cornish pasties, cakes, scones, and breads with ingredients that are locally and organically produced.

If you crave for Chocolate cream tea, the Lifebuoy Café is the place to be. Served with a pot of hot tea, two pieces of freshly baked scones, chocolate hazelnut spread, and a generous serving of the richest Cornish Clotted Cream, Lifebuoys chocolate cream tea is simply a delicacy to die for. The café also serves breakfast and lunch as well as sandwiches and snacks for kids.

Boasting of Cornish pasties that is served with organic Fairtrade coffee, the Niles Coffee Shop has been one of the most unassuming places for a much-needed coffee or tea break. Serving cakes and sandwiches, the Niles Coffee Shop is quite small by modern standards yet commands the utmost respect from both locals and visitors alike.

Pinkys Cream Tease is a must-try when you visit Pinky Murphys Café. This is the classic Cornish tea with Cornish clotted cream served with piping hot, freshly baked scones, and your choice of butter, cream, jam, jellies, or preservatives, technically, you can down this with a pot of tea or round it up with other hot beverages like their famous FatBoy, Earl Grey tea, Twinings All Day tea, and Rooibosh tea.

Overlooking the scenic Fowey River, close to may of Fowey's holiday cottages, apartments and hotels, Sundaes in Fowey prides itself of one of the most wicked hot chocolate drinks in town, topped with luscious Cornish clotted cream and marshmallows. Their sundaes, smoothies, ice creams, coffee and tea are what visitors are lining up for. Just make sure you have plenty of exercise afterwards.

Conveniently located in the heart of Fowey, Well House Tea Room prides itself as a Grade II-listed building that provides bed and breakfast to weary travellers aside from its famed tea rooms. With a choice of freshly brewed coffee or a piping hot pot of tea, guests can sample Cornish Cream Tea with their favourite scones. If not, baguettes and paninis will always be delightfully pleasant with their cream tea.

While not everyone like hot tea, there are other options when you visit any of these 7 shops. The point is for you to savour the culture of Fowey and Cornwall through the delicacies offered by these shops.

The Hobbit And Lord Of The Rings Costumes Fans.

If you are a fan of mediaeval costumes whether its for Halloween party or a play, or maybe youre looking for something for a costume party your attending then youve landed at the right place. Here you can find out about the Lord of the Rings and Hobbit Costumes that are in plenty; and there is a little something for everyone in the family. The costumes come in ranges of all sizes so there is a bit of something for everyone to make sure nobody is left out of the costume fun.

These costumes are more than just mere dress ups they come with the works and are fully equipped with all the cool and necessary accessories to make sure you look the part. Some of these accessories include hair wigs, prop weaponry like bows and arrows, and not to mention the ultimate favorite of everyone the latex masks that transform you into your favorite character. The characters include Gandalf, Aragon Frodo, Legolas and many others.

Hobbit fans will have their fair share of fun too, with neat and amazing costumes of Bilblo, Thorin, Dwalin, Tauriel and more. Those who prefer to play the role of the villains might want to consider costumes of Azog the defiler, the renouned witch king, and Smaug. The costumes are real and make the stories so life like its like the characters have jumped out of the screen. The best part of it all is that the costumes have been tailored to fit different sizes. All the characters have been represented there are therefore male costumes and female costumes as well, but hey the purpose of the costumes are to make your favorite characters come alive so if its a costume party you can go as whoever you want.

Some of the most popular costumes from the Hobbit include the Gandalf costume, this version of the wizard costume comes with a metal buckled belt interwoven in a 100% polyester robe. It comes with a neck drawstring tie and an extremely lightweight patterned material design. The Gandalf wig and beard set which compliments the costume for children. Another loved costume is the Hobbits deluxe Galadriel costume. this costume makes you feel like one of the fairest keepers of the rings in the forest of Loren. It comes decorated with faux gem studs. The fabric is chiffon with a 100% polyester knit.

For the female fans who love the lord of the rings, the deluxe Queen Arwen costume is the prettiest. The costume comes in a beautiful light shade of green perfect for an elf maiden. The sleeves are made of lace and a beautiful tiara headpiece comes as an accessory. The deluxe Ringwraith, another favorite, comes with a hooded robe and a face mesh. Accessories include a belt, shoe covers, and latex gloves.

Three Reasons To Wear Bamboo Socks

How often do you buy new socks? You should think about trying something new the next time you purchase some socks and opt for socks made from bamboo fibre. Here are three reasons to wear bamboo socks.

Bamboo canes take up a lot less space than cotton plants. This means bamboo can be grown in a more sustainable manner and can contribute to reducing deforestation. This is a global issue since higher deforestation rates have a negative impact on the environment. Besides, bamboo canes have a large root system which contributes to avoiding soil erosion.

Bamboo socks are also a great option because it is possible to grow bamboo plants without using any chemicals. The use of chemicals to protect crops from insects and diseases is a real issue because these chemicals eventually trickle down to water supplies and can pollute an entire area. Being exposed to these chemicals can also lead to some serious health problems for people who work in fields. Bamboo is a very resistant plant that might require some fertilizer but will not have a negative impact on the environment or on the health of workers since no chemicals are needed.

Bamboo socks are more resistant than socks made from cotton. Bamboo fibre tends to be stronger and will last a lot longer than a similar product made from cotton. Bamboo socks are also very comfortable and will protect your feet from humidity more efficiently than cotton socks would. Bamboo socks are also ideal if you live in a warm climate since these socks can help keep your feet as much as three degrees cooler than cotton socks. This is also a good option if you need some socks you can wear while you exercise. And because bamboo fibre is stronger than cotton, bamboo socks will provide your feet with more support, especially under the arches. Bamboo fibre is a very breathable fabric and the natural properties of bamboo help reduce bad odors and keep germs away.

These are the main reasons why you should switch to bamboo socks. This is definitely an option you should consider if you want some comfortable high-quality socks that will last for a long time. This is also a great way to do your part to help preserve the environment since growing bamboo is more sustainable than cotton. Besides, there are many styles and sizes available and finding the perfect socks should be easy. According to the team at Pussyfoot Socks their cute novelty knee high socks for kids made from Bamboo are becoming all the rage.

The Complete Guide To Pastel Parrotlets

What exactly is a parrotlet? While these feisty featherballs are well known among the parrot community, their extremely diminutive size, loopy and affectionate nature, and veritable rainbow of color mutations makes them somewhat of an enigma to those less familiar with exotic bird species.

Parrotlets are the smallest species of bird in the world. While they might look parakeet sized, they are in fact more closely related to the much larger Amazon parrot. Because of their small size and relatively quiet nature, they are a popular parrot for those who are enraptured with parrots but do not have the most room to raise a bird in.

Parrotlets, like many of their small parrot cousins, have been successfully bred to display a remarkably large number of colors and patterns. In the wild, parrotlets are predominantly a verdant green to aid in treetop camouflaging.

Captive raised parrotlets are most often a mildly saturated even teal blue or lime green color. Controlled breeding has produced birds with harlequin like color patches or extensive mottling. It has also birthed what has become one of the most popular parrotlet coloration types, the pastel parrotlet.

Pastel parrotlets are a great deal less saturated than most parrotlet individuals. They display a dreamy, almost opal like coloration, which can take on a range of hues, from baby blue to butter yellow. Some pastel parrotlets also display mixed saturation, with brighter, bolder hues in some patches and more washed out colors in others. Care

In terms of parrots, parrotlets are definitely on the undemanding side when it comes to accommodations. The bulk of their diet should consist of a nutritionally balanced pellet, which can be supplemented with fresh vegetables and fruits. Owners should look for nutritional pellets that are specifically formulated for parrotlets, as they have nutritional requirements that differ somewhat from bigger birds. Cages should be large enough to allow for some flight, as an overly small cage can impede muscle development.

The most important element of parrotlet ownership is constant socialization. Talking to and gently handling your bird prevents anxiety and loneliness. Parrotlets are naturally gregarious birds, and will form strong and loving relationships with their owners if treated with care.

Parrotlets display much of the same intelligence that their larger cousins are known for. They are curious, and do well if provided with toys and other things to amuse themselves with. They are fully capable of learning how to respond to voice commands and gestures, so they can be taught tricks with patience and a well honed technique. Parrotlets are also fond of imitation, which means they can learn how to talk, albeit not as well as some larger birds can.

In essence, pastel parrotlets are an attractive and unique pet for apartment dwellers, those with roommates, or anyone who wants an easy to care for companion. Their intelligence, warmth, and widely variable appearance makes them a great option for people in a wide variety of different circumstances, which explains their popularity around the world. If you like buy one of these beautiful birds, check out Xtreem Parrotlets for sale. They carry a wide variety of parrotlets to choose from and have a 5 star customer rating on Facebook.

Pet Nutrition And The Related Foods

Finding good food for your pets becomes troublesome many times. But with the advent of the websites and portals providing the pet nutrition that is related to the pet sector, it has become very easy to find all the pet food easily. In the older times, only few things were available but these days because of the advent of these sites, the availability in the pet food sector has increased.

There are times when your pet starts getting infected with various diseases, in such circumstances, the vet doctors indicate for the usage of nutritious food in pet diet. As nutrition forms the most vital aspect of everybodys diet and all the living creatures, it is also essential to increase the stamina and the immunity of pets and make them live in a more healthy way around you.

What kind of nutrition does your dog require?

The nutritional aspect of the food that we take differs from the need of the dog. It has a lot to do with the calories undertaken by the pets and for dogs it may be from 186 to 371 calories per day. If you are giving the food which is homemade then you have to make sure that it fulfills all the requirements of the dog. As far as the pet nutrition supplements and the pet foods are concerned, it is very easy to get them delivered at your home through the online delivery. The general requirement may be the aforesaid ones, but the need and requirements also depends upon the breed of the dog. Some dogs are there which require high amounts of calories and for others it is very meager. So, the pre-requisite remains to be that of recognizing the need of your dog.

There are times when your pet may become low on energy and in such situations you should be very cautious about the requirements of your pet. Meat and the nutrition it provides The things may be general for dogs because they still remain the most domesticated pets but if we talk about cats, the information may not be that much. Pet nutrition requires you to have a correct idea about the values in the ingredients in the pet food. These foods may or may not be sufficient but the additional intake can be fulfilled from the meat food. Meat contains enough calories for the pets to keep them going all along. Meat is very essential for pets because they need to keep their skin and paws healthy. Other food may not hold that much of nutrition value to keep the pets strong so it is recommended that meat should be given to them. The fatty meat is especially helpful in keeping your pets stronger.

best dog beds from expert reviewer Ronald Baker

How To Train Your Dog And Have Fun Doing It

A dog, as many say, is man's best friend. This can quickly be reversed and the dog can be a nightmare running rampant around the house without the proper training. This article will offer several tips and techniques to ensure that your pet continues to function as your best friend so long as it lives.

A dog's name should only be used when positively interacting with the animal. Call the dog's name to get him to come to your side or call his name when you are serving his dinner. Don't, however, call your dog's name when you are unhappy with his or her actions. The dog would negatively associate that with punishment.

You may need to try different treats until you find what works for your pup. There are a lot of different dog treats on the market, but your dog has his own tastes and preferences just like everyone else. If a particular treat doesn't seem to get your dog motivated, try something else.

Use your time walking the dog as a time of bonding and positive reinforcement. Try bringing your treats along and playing games with them during the walk. Ask him to sit in the middle of your walk and reward him with a snack. Reinforce the love you have for your dog and they will respond in kind.

To keep your dog from barking while you aren't home, you need to make him think you can appear at any moment. This will take some time on your part. Pretend to leave the house, but stay outside until the barking starts. Then open the door and deliver a stern "No!" This will make your dog think you are all-seeing and all-hearing. A few sessions of this technique, and you'll train your dog to keep it quiet.

If you have a dog that is driving you crazy with barking, the first step in stopping the barking is to determine the cause. For example, a territorial bark at 2 PM every day, might be related to the mailman's arrival. If you know the cause of the barking, you can intercept it and help deal with the problem.

Never treat your dog as a person. Many pet owners coddle their dogs as if they were children, and this only confuses your pet. Training a dog is completely different than teaching a child. Dogs need to be taught to behave as a dog and expect you to behave as a dog as well when it is necessary.

An often overlooked necessity with dog training is family training. Your dog will be confused and dismayed when multiple members of the family give commands in a variety of ways. Train your spouse, children and anyone else who will have consistent contact with your dog on the proper commands and techniques you employ for training.

By being consistent you can teach your puppy to "hold it." When at home, keep your dog close and let him outside each hour. When he goes potty outside, tell him he did good. Never yell at your dog for relieving itself in the house. He is unaware of the problem, and shouting will be ineffective. Take the dog for a walk approximately 15 minutes following a meal or a drink and each time it comes out of the crate.

To keep your training sessions positive and effective, you should also keep them short. Spend about 15 minutes on a certain task with your dog. After each time you do some training, spend time horsing around with your dog, and let him know what a good boy he is.

Crate-training is excellent for dogs with separation anxiety. Crates effectively become safe spaces for nervous dogs. Blankets or dirty laundry that smells like their favorite people can be helpful during the crate-training process. Anxious dogs are also likely to be destructive when their owners are not home. A crate keeps anxious dogs out of harm's way.

German shepherd training

To achieve results when training for obedience, it is necessary to routinely spend sufficient amounts of time on the task at hand. Consistency and repetition are the keys to successful training. Additionally, the very act of spending a certain amount of time with your dog every day will convince him that you are a consistent and reliable person. Those two qualities are 'leader of the pack' qualities!

Dog Trainer

When looking to hire a dog trainer, finding someone who uses positive training techniques can be very beneficial. Your dog will respond better to praises, treats, and encouragement than to physical or mental agitation. Negative training methods can be very ineffective and cause harm to the animal as well.

When you have a tame dog the feeling of bliss is like no other. When he can come, sit, stay, and do everything on command in a calm submissive fashion it is pure joy. The way a dog loves you is like no other: pure and unconditional. This article served to help you get your dog to this point.

The Best Blues Guitar Gig I Ever Had

Many years ago it was my habit to play guitar wherever I could make a buck to put it basically. Sometimes this meant playing blues guitar for up to 4 hours in a noisy club or bar. Other times, the gigs were a little easier and more lucrative. In France it became very cool to have a blues man playing traditional roots music at your wedding for example. Performance time was rarely more than one hour and it was usually the afternoon, as the night time was earmarked for disco and dancing!

When you add it all up, 300 euros for an hour's picking time isn't too shabby at all, much better than sitting on the street for 2 hours in the cold for 5 euros, which has happened as well. The most memorable gig came when I was sitting on the street. A man asked me if I would play at his private friend's reunion party at a local golf course. My first reaction was to give it a miss, as I had been stung the week before by someone who had asked me the same thing and disappeared before it was time to pay me. teaming up with harmonica player, we played for about an hour and went home, not even waiting to get paid (I had a headache.)

A week later the guy called and asked if I could meet him in town at a local cafe. He bought two coffees and we chatted awhile before he passed me an envelope and said goodbye. Opening the envelope I found 600 euros, which was a great rate of pay. Another instance, I got a call from a man in Canada who asked me to play at a reunion in Switzerland at a swish ski resort. I'd stay at the hotel free, flights from France where I lived to Switzerland were also included and y pay would be 800 euros for one night! Sounds great, but it was too much hassle as I was on the point of retiring.

One gig sticks in my mind, and my craw - the time I met Tommy Emmanuel the legendary master guitar player many years ago when he was a young man. It was in a small but lively bar in a French town where I had a regular gig. After finishing a song, this Australian kid asked me if he could jam along with me. Of course I said yes, and we started to play. After a minute I just stopped and watched him with my mouth open, as he was much better at this game than I was. To top it all, the bar owner fired me as he explained that I was paid to perform, not the audience.

Trouble Training Your Dog? Follow These Tips

obedience training at home

A lot of people are trying different ways to train their dogs, but are finding difficulty in doing so. You have to remember that when it comes to dog training -- the more you know, the better chance you have at actually succeeding. So take note from tips in articles like the one here, and you should have a better idea of how to train your dog.

Consistency is key in effective dog training. Make sure that all of your family members use the same commands and remain on the same page when it comes to training. Your dog will better understand then commands, you will avoid confusion, and it will take less time to achieve your training goals.

The best tip anyone can offer with regards to dog training is be the alpha. Dogs are looking for their human masters to be the pack leader. At all expense display confidence, firmness, and do not, under any circumstances show them weakness. They naturally want to follow a strong leader, so make sure that you present yourself as such.

Always keep fresh water available to your dog when he is being trained using a crate. One way to do this without making a mess is to furnish the crate with a rabbit water bottle. Just attach it to the outside of the crate with the tip sticking inside. Your dog will quickly learn to drink from it.

Your breeder should begin socialization with your puppy, but it is up to you to continue it. It is important for a puppy to get used to people and the environment around him, but he will need to be protected from becoming too overwhelmed or scared. Your job is to encourage your puppy's confidence as he goes out into the world.

When training your dog for specific commands, be sure to use the exact same wording during everyday life as you do during training sessions. If you select "down" for "lie down", use "down" every time you want the dog to lie down. Changing up the terminology can confuse your dog and interfere with training.

To break your dog of bad habits such as jumping, the best technique is to ignore him, for just a short period! Dogs don't really understand yelling in a situation like that. But if you turn your back and avoid further interaction, he'll get the idea that he's done something that breaks contact with you and dogs want to be our friends!

When it's time to introduce house training to your dog, put him on a consistent schedule of eating and elimination. This gives you important forehand knowledge to prevent accidents and your dog an association of cause and effect to follow. Sticking to a schedule will teach your dog how to control himself until his next scheduled potty break.

When you are training your dog, focus on what your dog does right during the training sessions, not what they do wrong. This will make training more enjoyable for both you and your dog. Enjoyable training sessions will ensure that your dog remembers what you taught and is ready to come back for more at the next session.

A great way for your dog to learn new skills (or brush up on some old ones) is to attend classes at your local dog training center. If you are not sure of where to take him, your friends or veterinarian may be able to help you find a place that best suits your needs.

Teaching a new puppy to "leave it" is very important and one of the first commands that you should work on. This simple command is beneficial in making him stop on chewing furniture inside the house.

When potty training your dog, be consistent. Establish one, specific place for your dog to do his business. Take him there at the same times daily (e.g. when you first get up in the morning, when you get home from work, and just before bed). Praise your dog when he does his business in the right place at the right time. If he has an accident in the house, tell him "No!" firmly, and take him out to his potty place.

Generosity towards your dog goes a long way when you are trying to train your pet. Reward your pooch where rewarding is due and don't be stingy with the doggie treats. You and your pet both deserve a reward for all your hard work and make sure to put enough time aside for your dog's training.

One tip to keep in mind when training your dog, is that there is no one way to train your dog because your dog is unique. This is important because you need to understand your dogs needs, and what the best way is to approach training and discipline. You definitely do not want to stick to a method if it is the wrong way to teach your dog.

Never treat your dog as a person. Many pet owners coddle their dogs as if they were children, and this only confuses your pet. Training a dog is completely different than teaching a child. Dogs need to be taught to behave as a dog and expect you to behave as a dog as well when it is necessary.

Teach your dog to "drop it". You never know when that command will come in handy. Be generous with praise and treats as you work with this command, and continue to practice it from time to time even after your dog has mastered it. A word to the dog sure beats having to wrestle unsavory objects out of a dog's mouth.

Shy dogs benefit from re-socializing. Oftentimes, dogs have behavioral incidents with certain situations, certain people or other dogs, that go unnoticed by us. We might not realize, but these interactions have given our dogs a sour taste about these circumstances. Re-socializing your dog to the stimuli he's upset by, can help him overcome his anxiety.

With the information you have just learned you should now have a better idea of how to train your dog. Now that you've expanded your knowledge form strategies and goals in your dog training efforts, if you aren't meeting your goals, then try switching things up until you find a strategy that works for you.

Give Your Kids The Party Of Their Life With A Bouncy Castle Hire For Leisure

Giving your son or daughter the most fantastic birthday party of all time is one of the most worthwhile goals a parent can have. The problem is, how are you ever going to afford to do it? Well, luckily children really don't know how much or how little things really cost, so if do find a special event or activity that's fairly reasonable, that's also the most fun they've ever had, they'll forgive you for not spending more. Most people have never heard of a Bouncy Castle, they come in several different themes, and they're an absolute riot at a kids party, let's take a look at some of the finer details.

Bouncy Castles Come In Several Different Themes For All Occasions

The number of themes that have been used over the years is probably unknown, but there are several super popular themes that have withstood the test of time. One of them, of course, is the always popular Looney Tunes theme. This one features all of your children's favorite cartoon characters like Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Elmer Fudd, Sylvester The Cat, Tasmanian Devil, Speedy Gonzales and Pepe Le Pew.

All of your favorites are plastered all over the Bouncy Castle and you'll recognize them all. The structure is usually about 13 feet square and 13 feet high to give the kids plenty of room to play inside. Prices vary by location, but many times a half day will cost near £100 or a little bit more, depending on where you decide to rent a bouncy castle in Doncaster.

There Is Also A Halloween Themed Haunted Castle

This is a big hit anytime of year, but especially during the months of October and November. Kids go wild when they see it with all of the spooky creatures on the inside and out. The fans that keep the inflatable Bouncy Castles full of air run on regular house voltage so there's no worry there. One important restriction to note is that many of these Bouncies can only be used at home locations. This is because many public parks have restrictions on their use.

The Dora The Explorer Bouncy Is Also A Long Term Favorite

Since Dora is on TV daily in nearly every city on earth, she will be a favorite of many kids, both boys and girls. It comes in the same standard size of 13 X 13 feet and has pictures of all the characters from the TV show.

When ordering your Bouncy, be sure and ask about refreshment discounts that they may have available. Most Bounce Castle hiring for leisure use locations also sell popcorn, cotton candy, and snow cones at greatly reduced prices for the whole crowd.

When Hiring Your Bouncy Castle Be Sure And Inquire About Safety And Insurance

Nearly all local and regional governments will require the operator to have insurance coverage of adequate amounts. The company hiring out the Bouncy Castle will be happy to show you their documents when you ask. They should also take the time to instruct you on all safety measures to ensure that you and your party goers have a safe and fun time with whatever theme you decide on.

Home Made Guitars And The Stella Revolution

Long before Stella guitars became available, musicians often made their own instruments with whatever materials were available at the time. The Sears company introduced a new concept which was shopping from a distance using a catalog that was distributed far and wide in the United States. It was an exciting time for many people. For example, it was possible to buy a factory made guitar for just one dollar.

That said, even one dollar was a far stretch for some people, who need every penny just to survive from day to day. It was common for really poor people to fabricate their own one string fiddles, or guitars with just two, three or four strings. Any box would do, but the favored style was a cigar box, which were sturdy and came in various sizes. They also looked good. Take a straight hardwood broom handle, flatten one side with a sharp knife as accurately as you can, and you have the basis of a cigar box guitar.

The story goes that Big Bill Broonzy made his first guitar with such a cigar box and he strung it up with wire he pulled from his screen door! Maybe it's true, I don't know - but it's a great story! Other blues men like Lightnin' Hopkins and Pink Anderson also have similar tales to tell. However these home made guitars were constructed, they must have been incredibly difficult to tune and also keep in tune, particularly in the deep south of the Mississippi Delta. This is probably why open tuned instruments were favored.

Playing an instrument with less than the normal 6 strings that a guitarist is used to means that the fingerpicking guitar technique has to be adapted radically. Often, four string varieties were tuned like a banjo or fiddle, and consequently, the picking could sound a bit like a banjo. Many musicians preferred to tune the instruments to an open chord and use a bottleneck when performing. This had the advantage of not needing complex chord formations from the fretting hand, and also it was easier to re-tune in hot and humid conditions. Like the ukulele, a number of players have explored possibilities of the cigar box guitar and produced some amazing results, from waltzes to Scott Joplin piano rag adaptations. The three four time of the waltz fits in perfectly with the four string tuning, as the picking thumb can alternate between the bottom two strings, similarly with the 'bum chick' rhythm of piano rags.

Traveling Recommendations You Can Not Miss Out On

One way you can save money and time when travelling is to do your homework before you leave. It is usually a good idea to collect as much information as you can about your destination and your journey to get there. We have put together some of the essential tips you need to know before planning your next vacation.

Money belts are usually a good way to increase both your peace of mind and safety. It is barely noticeable while you are wearing it and once you try it, it will essentially become one of the first things you pack. It is a great place to put your passport and your other essential documents and credit cards, so whatever happens they dont get lost.

You should also use technology to back up your travel documents and flight tickets and schedule. Your phone is a great way to access the information you need and online cloud services like dropbox ensure that even if you lose everything, you just need internet access to retrieve your vital documents. This will give you so much peace of mind, knowing that even if the very worst should happen, you know where to find your information, when you need it.

When you are choosing an airline company to fly with, dont just look at the cost of the ticket. Find out if there are any stopovers of transfers required during the journey. This can add considerably to the amount of time it will take to reach your destination and you may have to fork out for meals and drinks if your stopover time is a lengthy one. You should also find out if there will be any additional costs involved when booking your flight, like charges for checked bags or selecting your seat. Do your research and find out the total cost of the ticket involved, as the cheapest option may not always prove to be what it seems.

Don't forget to take the cost of airport transfers into account. There is a great range of options available from all the major cities around the world such as Syndey, London, New York or Dublin airport transfers, whether they are private cars, trains, busses or taxi's. The best option may depend on the distance from the airport to the hotel, the amount of people traveling in your party and your budget. Just do your research in advance to avoid any surprises when you arrive off your flight.

It is a good idea to prepare for the unexpected to happen, especially if you are going on a long journey or are travelling with children. By packing a small first aid kit you can be ready for minor scrapes and scratches. By bringing snacks and bottled water you can stay hydrated and save on paying inflated prices for these items in tourist areas.

We hope that these tips will help you get started to planning a better holiday for you and your family. When you set off on your vacation, all you want to think about is having fun. With a little bit of planning and fore thought you can reduce your stress and anxiety when travelling.